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Frontière·s, revue d’archéologie, histoire & histoire de l’art, is aimed at specialists in ancient and medieval studies since 2019. Published by Université Lumière Lyon 2, the journal aims to explore the border as a transdisciplinary subject and to understand how it is understood by archaeologists, historians and art historians. Every six months, the editorial board of Frontière-s invites authors to submit papers on rotating topics, also unsolicited articles to be published in the varia section and reviews of books dealing with the issue of borders, boundaries, modes of separation.

Latest issue
9 | 2023
Passés politisés

Usages politiques du passé antique et médiéval au xxie siècle
Politicized Past. Political Uses of the Ancient and Medieval Past in the Twenty-First Century
Edited by Florian Besson, Pauline Ducret and Fabien Bièvre-Perrin

There's nothing new under the sun: in the 21st century, history continues to fuel political debate, national narratives and protest narratives, conservative and progressive discourses, the arguments of one camp and those of its opponents... Historical facts and legacies establish themselves as arguments of authority, considered objective by some, to set boundaries or build bridges, to unite a group or set it against others. Whether they call themselves Reconquête or Renaissance, in a game of opposition that is supposed to reflect the political spectrum, political parties make no mistake when it comes to choosing a name. For this ninth issue of Frontière·s, we have invited authors to look at recent uses of the ancient and medieval past in the development of contemporary political ideologies and practices.

Now a recurring theme among specialists in the reception of Antiquity, the volume opens with rewrites of the history of Sparta on both sides of the North Atlantic: Vivien Barrière and Jean Hedin note the importance of Frank Miller's comic book 300 (1998) and its film adaptation by Zack Snyder (2007) in establishing a US political discourse that makes the Greek city the model of a warlike, eugenicist society, the only bulwark of a West threatened by the enemy from the East; Stéphane François and Adrien Nonjon look at how this is played out in France and Ukraine, focusing on far-right identitarian movements. By drawing attention to a specific use of history, ranging from excavations carried out by a far-right mayor in Romania (Mathieu Mokhtari) to the broadcasting of a Syrian series on the fall of Palmyra and Zenobia (Thomas Richard) to a book published in Marseille (Pierre Vey), the following contributions highlight the plasticity and diversity of situations. History is used as a tool by actors on both sides of the political spectrum; it can be the vehicle of a reactionary discourse that looks to an imaginary past as an ideal model to reproduce (Enki Baptiste), fuel a nationalist appropriation of border areas (Lorette Hehn) or, on the contrary, serve to strengthen a local identity perceived as under threat (Florentin Briffaz).

Editor’s notes

Pour ce neuvième numéro de Frontière·s, nous avons invité les auteur·rice·s à s’intéresser aux usages récents du passé antique et médiéval dans l’élaboration des idéologies et des pratiques poli­tiques contemporaines.

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